CSC e Governance Services India Limited has taken up initiative of overall maintenance and upkeep of BharatNet infrastructure and related equipment’s to support the last mile internet service delivery which utilizes BharatNet infrastructure. The purpose of this initiative is to carry on the business of establishment, management and operation of National Optical Fibre Network BharatNet which has been envisaged by the Government of India to provide high speed broadband connectivity to all gram panchayats. Moreover it help in providing access to bandwidth in a non-discriminatory manner to all eligible service providers to enable them to provide services in rural areas.
The project will provide seamless Internet to villages and allow the rural citizens to access various G2C and B2C services and further participate in nation building activities. All the state government agencies / departments in the villages will receive Internet connectivity, thereby improving their services to citizens. Through uninterrupted connectivity, the project will also aid access and adoption of digital financial systems among the citizens and merchants to meet the Government’s vision of a cashless society. With improved access to e-learning, skill development and healthcare, the villages will usher in equitable growth and development.
The increasing demand for broadband due to streaming video, content sharing and social media applications is constantly increasing the requirement for higher data rates and better experience. GPON Technology has provides ultra-broadband access for home, offices and users using Fiber technology integration for ensuring excellent experience to the end Users. GPON system enables fast, reliable, secure and future proof multi services access network, suitable for high bandwidth applications.
GPON brings fiber cabling and signals to the end user using a point-to-multipoint scheme that enables a single optical fiber to serve multiple users. The architecture uses passive (unpowered) optical splitters, reducing the cost of equipment compared to point-to-point architectures. The Connectivity is from Optical Line Terminal (OLT) which is placed at BSNL Telephone Exchanges (nearest Block) which is connected to Optical Network Terminal (ONT) at Block / Gram Panchayats with Optical Fibre.
CSC – e Governance Services India Limited (WI-FI Choupal) Role in promoting FTTH
CSC through its Wi-Fi Choupal division has decided to play a prominent role in promoting FTTH Connections to end users that is villagers in Gram Panchayat by using existing National Optical Fibre Network which is terminated mostly Gram Panchayat offices, Government schools or block headquarters. VLE (Village level Entrepreneur) after training will be able to install infrastructure required to provide FTTH connections.
As a pilot project few VLE’s in Haridwar district of state Uttarakhand has provided FTTH connections to its villagers who are now enjoying high speed internet facilities in their home. In the near future aim is to provide at least 50 FTTH connections in each and every Gram Panchayat where optic fibre is terminated at G.P level.
Connecting homes directly to fibre optic cable enables enormous improvements in the bandwidth that can be provided to consumers. While DSL and cable modems generally provide transmission speeds of up to five megabits per second on the download (and are generally slower when uploading), current fibre optic technology can provide two-way transmission speeds of up to 100 megabits per second. Further, while cable and DSL providers are struggling to squeeze small increments of higher bandwidth out of their technologies, ongoing improvements in fibre optic equipment are constantly increasing available bandwidth without having the change the fibre. That’s why fibre networks are said to be "future proof."